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dz̸ˮԷ̼Ϳϵоչ

                           dz̸ˮԷ̼Ϳϵоչ
                               Ϲ Ľ
                 ( 㽭ܹ޹˾㽭310023)
    ժҪˮԷ̼Ϳϲ̼߱ͿϱܣֳˮͿϵŵ㣬ζ޶ͶԡȼԡˮԷ̼ͿϵصܣƱӦ˸δչչ
    ؼʣ̼Ϳ; ˮԷ̼Ϳ; л֬
    ̼ͿõķۡͺͻѧԼˮԵȣ1 2ԶΪɫͿϵĵ䷶㷺Ӧںպ졢ȸ¼3 4ݡ
    ˮԷ̼Ϳܼͷ̼ͿȣǰˮΪܼ߷ɢʣ5ݣӸϽͻлܼʹãӶʹˮԷ̼ͿϾζ޶ߵͶȼԣ6ݡˮԷ̼ͿˮлҺΪĤʣϺͿ乲ƱõġˮԷ̼Ϳϼл֬ˮͿϵŵΪһ壬ͺԡ͸ʴԡմԡ;ԼȫVOC ܣ7ݡ
    1 ̼Ϳ
    ̼ͿϵҪɳĤл֬л֬ͬһϩ֬ǰ߷ԭ˾ϩϵԭӣγC F ѧԭǵڶڵԪأ֪ԭӰ뾶Смĵ縺ԺͼСļʡڷԭ̼ԭγɻѧʱC F ѧ̣γȫʱȫӱ̼ϵķԭӰΧγһռϣл֬ѽлѧӦ; һ棬C F ѧ( 466 kJ /mol) ܴ󣬱C C ѧ( 372 kJ /mol) C O ѧ( 364 kJ /mol) C H ѧ( 410 kJ /mol) C Cl ѧ( 326 kJ /mol) 8ݶߣеߵģ˶ҪӶл֬и߶Ȼѧȶ( ͺԡϻԡͻѧԼ)
    ȫл֬ķϩ( CF2 =CF2) ڷԭӰ뾶ԭӰ뾶ҷԭӾм縺ԣڷԭӼųʹC Cγ״Ľṹֽṹͬƽ͵ľϩṹ: мC C ܵķԭӽڣ̼ȫΧγԲ岢߶ȵΣ9ݣ˿ԱC C ܻѧƷߵֺ; ͬʱл֬ķӼֱܵͣӵƱõķ̼ͿϱܼͣӶ̼Ϳѱˮлʪˣ̼ͿϾǿˮۡ͸ʴԣ10; ⣬ڷԭӵļСл֬Ϊ߶ȵľԵԣ˷̼ͿϾи߶ȵĻѧԺȶԡ
    ̼ͿϲͬܿвͬӦ򡣷̼ͿϵĹ߻ܣ10оùкʣ11ݵãʹΪɫͿϵĴ; ̼Ϳϼ͵ıܺͼǿˮԼմԣԵõ̼Ϳϣ12 13; л֬ĸ߼ܡͱʹ̼ͿϾмǿ͸ʴԣӹƵطͿϣ14 16; ̼ͿڷԭӰ뾶СܴԿϻԼǿͬʱSiO2TiO2Fe3O4ZnO ӹʹãƱõͳǿͺͿϣ17 20; ̼ͿϻΪͿʹãܷ䲨Դ飬ұã21 22ݡ
    2 ˮԷ̼ͿƱ
    2 1 ˮϡл֬
    ˮϡл֬弰ܼнҺۺϣټ黯ͨٻеͳη֬ɢˮγˮл֬Դ֬ΪƱˮԷ̼ͿϡAihara23ݽǶϩѡCTFEϩ뺬ȻȫCF2CFOCF2CF2COOH ܽڶ˼ҺۺϣõĹᆳҰкΪ׻ϩ൥뱽ϩ۵黯ϳȶɽлҺ; ˾ȫΪԼȺϳ˺ȻCTFETFE VF ҺԹΪ׻ϩ˫ͪͼ׻ϩҺۣõ˿ӹ̻лҺ
    2 2 ҺۺϷ
    ҺۺϷлͱϩ൥ϩ൥壬黯ڼˮҺۺϣõȶлҺobert24ݽϩ׻ϩ׻ϩͨҺ۵õ˷ˮܾŵĺҺ;Yamauchi25ݵлҺн黯( ʮϩ) ӣ˹ҺĻѧȶԣڻеȶԷв㣬ڷ뺬оϩڵˮԵ壬ˮڸ齺棬ҺĻѧȶԺͻе; ҹ˾злҺˮɢнCTFE ϩ黯ڸѹоۺϵõ
    2 3 ˿ҺۺϷ
    ˿ҺۺϷǿһʲֻͬ߶ֵ尴׶ξۺϣʹ齺ֱɲͬķӹɣγ˾к˿ǽṹ齺ҲɳΪҺۺϣ26ݡTanaka27ݵ˲ҺۺϷƱõԴϩϩϩΪˡCTFE¹ϩͰͶṲΪǵĺ˿лҺ졣
    2 4 ҺۺϷ
    ҺۺϷҺۺʱʹûʹü黯ӶܺõؽͿĤ黯ɵĸˮԡѧܡѧܵ½ҵõ齺ӴСԾһķֲխ桰ࡱҪ黯򣬴ӶɱĿǰҺۺϼĿţɣ28ݵ˲ҺۺϵõͱϩͿϼNZ 7ҺʵɫнϺɫӫ⣬ָﵽ˹ҵϼָ; 29ݵͨҺۺϵõ˾۱ϩϼϳɵϼ̺Ϊ20% 22%pH Ϊ6 14Ӧá
    2 5 ҺۺϷ
    ҺۺϷ黯ڻܽУ½ˮӵУˮ뵽γO/W Һķ˷ƱõҺϸСȶԺõص㡣
    3 ˮԷ̼ͿϵӦ
    3 1 Ϳ
    л֬صķӽṹٽӵԣˮԷ֬( SiO2TiO2ZnO ) Ʊɾ׿ԽķԺͼǿˮԵ̼ͿϣͿϿӦǽͿϡǷͿ㡢ɻͺͿϵȡKozo30ݵͨ( 2 ϩ 2 ) ȫԼۺϣƱõһˮлͿ; Mera31ݵзĺͿϣھõѧܵͬʱõմԡˮԣͷ޵ȵķͿ; Tsuda 32ݵҺۺϷƳл֬ҺҺл顢ȹ죬õȶԺá¹̻ĵˮԷ̼ͿϣͿĤҾкܸߵӲȺ͹
    3 2 Ϳ
    ˮԷ̼Ϳͺԡϻԡ͸ʴȶصܣڽͿռһƵλеˮԷ̼ͿӦʵѾdz㷺ɻϵķ̨ӦFUVIT BT װνʸˮԷ̼Ϳϣ2003 7Ȼ; Ciardelli33ݵз˱ʯıˮԷ̼ͿϣĤзĺͷֱֲӰͿϵĸﻯ( ԡ¶ȡѧȶԡ⻯ѧȶԡˮ͸ԼˮųԵ) ͬʱָˮԷ̼Ϳʯ̵ıйӦǰ
    3 3 ȼͿ
    л֬зһռ֬25% 50%֬ϨԺȼԣֱڷȼͿϡƫϩ( PVDF) ļָ( LOI) Ϊ44ϩ ķϩ( ETFE) LOIΪ30ϩ ϩ( ECTFE) LOI Ϊ6434ݣҶԸڿе( 21%) ֬ڿϨбȽϸߵķȼ; ֬е⺬٣²γɸ̼ӲǣҲΡȼաЩLOIл֬볬΢ϸ״þˮεȸϣƱɵ̡ͶЧķ̼Ϳϣȼϡ
    3 4 ĦͿ
    л֬͵ıܺˮܣԼлC C ״ŤγɵԲṹʹл֬м͵ĦϵӶƱΪĦ󻬷̼ͿϡSeisakisho35ͨþPermarinVA200ķϩɢ壬ƱõһĦͿϣл֬ΪͿϵĻϣ󻬼ĦԸΪͻͿͿڻе豸ϣ豸ĦԣСĦģѳɹڷɻϡ
    3 5 Ϳ
    ˮԷ̼ͿϵӦýſƼIJϽ㷺ͿϣTsuda36ݵ˺ϳɵˮԷ̼Ϳϣ㷺ڱϩ֬ϩ̼֬PPOϩܼ֬ܵʴĻģṩõıװЧڵӲϣBrunsvold37ݵͨˮлҺƵ˿Ϳڹ̽ϿͿϡ   Ϳкʵʣǿ˹̽ӰתƵıȡڲͿϣˮԷ̼ͿͿм͵ıͱܣӦڸֵײģֳIJԡ   4 ˮԷ̼Ϳչ
    ˮԷ̼Ϳ϶ͿϽ綼ǰؿ⣬ҹڿڡԤƽķչҪ¼㡣
    1) Է̼Ϳϵŵ
    ˮԷ̼Ϳϣ뱣ԭԷ̼ͿϵҪŵ㡣ܼͷ̼ͿͻŵdzǿͺԣˣˮԷ̼ͿϵͺӦԷ̼Ϳ൱á
    2) ˷Է̼Ϳϵȱ
    ˮԷ̼ͿӦ˷Ϳϵȱ:
    ( 1) ˫ܼͷ̼Ϳʩϴڴ; ( 2) Ϳԣ߱õĵԣܲȶ׳ֿѡƤ; ( 3) ױȾװһ; ( 4) ܼͿϺдлӷȾء
    3) ˮԷ̼Ϳײ
    ϵļʹˮԷ̼Ϳһ΢ɶԪֲڽṹڹˮͿһֱַз̼Ϳŵ⣬õһЩ紬ͧǡͷɻȾһӦǰ
    οף


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